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There are very different types of cough. Coughs can be described as dry (without sputum) or productive, in which blood or sputum is expelled. This so-called sputum is a mixture of mucus, secretions and cells that have been shed in the lungs. It may be transparent, yellowish, greenish, or have streaks of blood. A severe cough can put a lot of strain on rib muscles or cartilage, causing chest pain, especially when breathing in, as well as when moving or coughing itself. Coughing can be very distressing and prevent peaceful sleep. However, if the cough develops slowly, as is the case with smokers, sufferers sometimes hardly notice it at all. Coughing occurs when there is irritation of the respiratory tract. The likely causes depend on how long the cough lasts: less than 4 weeks (acute) or more than 4 weeks (chronic). The most common causes of acute cough Are:

  • Sinubronchial syndrome (nasal secretions in the throat or pharynx).

For chronic cough the following causes are usually present

  • Postnasal drip syndrome
  • Persistent irritation of the respiratory tract after the actual infection has cleared (also called postinfectious cough)

Less common causes of acute cough include

  • Inhaling a foreign object (such as a piece of food).

However, someone who has accidentally inhaled something usually knows the reason for the cough and can tell the doctor if there is no dementia, stroke, or other disorder that causes difficulty with memory, cognitive skills, or communication. Less common causes of chronic cough include.

  • Fungal infections of the lungs

Not every cough needs to be seen by a doctor right away. The following information can help decide if a medical evaluation is needed and provide reassurance about and what to expect as part of that evaluation. When someone is suffering from a cough, certain symptoms and characteristics are cause for concern. These include

  • Shortness of breath
  • Coughing up blood
  • Weight loss
  • Fever lasting longer than a week
  • People at increased risk for HIV infection, such as those with high-risk sexual behaviors or those who inject drugs

Individuals with warning signs should see a doctor immediately, unless the only warning sign is weight loss. A delay of about a week will not hurt. Those who have inhaled something should also seek medical attention immediately. Individuals affected by acute cough without warning signs can wait a few days to see if the cough resolves or subsides, especially if they also have a stuffy nose and sore throat, which indicates an upper respiratory infection, or cold. Individuals affected by chronic cough without warning signs should seek medical attention when they have the opportunity, but it should not hurt to delay seeing a doctor for about a week. Physicians always begin by asking questions about the patient’s symptoms and medical history. This is followed by a physical examination. Findings in the medical history and on physical examination often indicate a cause for the cough and any tests that may be needed (see table for some causes and characteristics of cough Causes and characteristics of cough ). The need for testing depends on the findings of the medical history and physical examination, especially whether warning signs are present. If patients have warning signs, the following test methods are usually considered:

  • Measurement of blood oxygen saturation using a sensor on a finger (pulse oximetry).
  • A chest x-ray

If no warning signs are present, the diagnosis can often be made based on the patient’s history and physical examination, and treatment can be started without further testing. In some patients, the examination may indicate a diagnosis, with further testing to confirm (see Causes and characteristics of cough Causes and characteristics of cough ). If the exam does not point to a specific cause for the cough and no warning signs are present, many doctors try to start patients on a medication to treat one of three common causes of cough:

  • A combination of an antihistamine and a decongestant, or a nasal spray containing corticosteroids or a muscarinic antagonist (to control nasal secretions in the throat)
  • A proton pump inhibitor or an H2 blocker (for heartburn or gastroesophageal reflux disease, respectively)
  • A corticosteroid or a short-acting beta-2 agonist bronchodilator for inhalation (for asthma)

If these medications relieve the cough, no further tests are usually needed. If the cough is not relieved, doctors usually perform tests in the following order until a probable diagnosis is reached:

  • A chest X-ray
  • CT scan of the sinuses to check for relevant diseases.

For patients with a chronic cough, a chest X-ray is usually taken. For coughs with bloody sputum, a sputum sample is usually sent to the laboratory. Laboratory technicians try to grow a sputum culture from the bacteria in the sample and check the sample under a microscope for cancer cells (cytodiagnostics). If lung cancer is suspected (e.g., in middle-aged or advanced patients who have been smoking for a long time and have lost weight or have other general symptoms), a CT scan of the chest and occasionally a bronchoscopy are also performed. The best therapy for cough is treatment of the underlying disease. For example, antibiotics can be used for pneumonia and inhalers with drugs to dilate the airways (bronchodilators) or corticosteroids for COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) or asthma. Because cough plays an important role in clearing the airways, a productive cough with a lot of sputum should generally not be suppressed. However, if the cough is severe, disturbs sleep, or has specific causes, various treatment options can be tried. For patients with cough, there are basically two approaches:

  • Agents that suppress the urge to cough (antitussives or classic cough suppressants).
  • Cough-solving agents that thin the mucus blocking the airway to the lungs so that it can be coughed up more easily (however, the efficacy of these cough-solving agents has not yet been proven)

The following types of cough suppressants are available:

  • Opioids
  • Dextromethorphan
  • Benzonatate

All opioids suppress the urge to cough because they decrease the sensitivity of the cough center in the brain. Codeine is the opioid most commonly used for cough. Codeine and other opioid cough suppressants can cause nausea, vomiting, and constipation and can be addictive. They can also cause drowsiness, especially if other agents that lower concentration are taken (e.g., alcohol, sedatives, sleeping pills, antidepressants, or certain antihistamines). Therefore, opioids are not always appropriate and are usually prescribed only in special situations, such as a cough that persists despite other treatment attempts and disturbs the person’s sleep. Benzonatate is an oral local anesthetic. It numbs the receptors in the lungs that respond to their expansion, making the lungs less sensitive to cough stimuli. Those patients who cough up a lot of sputum, in particular, should severely limit the use of cough suppressant medications. Some physicians recommend rather cough-suppressing agents (called expectorants or mucolytics), which are used to thin the secretions in the bronchial tubes so that the mucus can be loosened and coughed up more easily. These v do not suppress cough, and their effectiveness has not been proven. The most widely used cough suppressants are over-the-counter preparations containing guaifenesin. Similarly, inhaling a saline solution or acetylcysteine (for a maximum of a few days) can sometimes help thin extremely tough and stubborn mucus. Antihistamines, which dry out the airways, are of little help for coughs unless they are caused by an allergy that affects the nose, throat and trachea. If the cough has another cause, such as bronchitis, the drying effect of antihistamines may even be harmful because the respiratory secretions become so thickened that they are more difficult to cough up. Decongestants (such as phenylephrine) used to relieve nasal congestion are useful against cough only when it is caused by a nasal secretion in the throat. Steam inhalation (e.g., using a vaporizer) is generally considered to relieve cough. Other topical treatments, such as cough drops, are also popular, although there is no compelling evidence that these treatments are also effective.

  • Coughs are most often caused by minor respiratory infections or sinubronchial syndrome.
  • Warning signs of cough include shortness of breath, bloody sputum, weight loss, and fever lasting longer than about a week, as well as risk factors for HIV infection or tuberculosis.
  • A diagnosis can usually be made based on medical history and medical examination.
  • Medications (cough suppressants and expectorants) should be used to treat the cough in an appropriate manner: cough suppressants only when the cough is severe or on the advice of a physician.

How do diseases of the respiratory organs occur? In the mucous membrane of the respiratory tract, secretion-forming cells provide a fine layer of mucus that traps foreign bodies and pathogens and transports them towards the mouth and nose with the help of small cilia. During respiratory infections, the number and activity of the mucus-forming cells increase and more secretion is released into the bronchial tubes. Mucus deposits in the bronchial space irritate the mucous membrane in the trachea and bronchi and trigger the cleansing cough reflex. The same happens when cold air, foreign bodies or irritants such as tobacco smoke are inhaled. Irritative cough often occurs at the beginning of descending respiratory tract infections, when firmly adhering, viscous secretions are difficult to cough up and the cough-triggering mucosal irritation is thus maintained. In such cases, an expectorant, soothing complex homeopathic such as Aralis Cough Tablets is very relieving and beneficial. 1. what are aralis cough tablets and what are they used for? Aralis Cough Tablets are a homeopathic medicine for diseases of the respiratory organs. The indications for use correspond to the homeopathic drug picture. These include: Cough and bronchitis. What should you bear in mind when treating yourself? In case of complaints lasting longer than 3 days, shortness of breath, fever above 39 °C or purulent or bloody sputum, a doctor should be consulted. 2. What do you need to know before taking Aralis cough tablets? Which other medicines influence the effect of the medicine? Which stimulants, foods and drinks should you avoid? An influence of the effect of the drug by other drugs is not known so far. General note: The effect of a homeopathic medicine can be unfavorably influenced by generally harmful factors in lifestyle and by stimulants and stimulants. If you are taking other medicines, please consult your doctor. What do you have to consider during pregnancy and lactation? As there is no sufficiently documented experience, Aralis Cough Tablets should be used during pregnancy and breastfeeding only after consultation with the doctor. How should Aralis cough tablets be taken? The following information applies unless the medicine has been prescribed to you otherwise: How much of the medicine should you take and how often should you use it? Adults and adolescents 12 years of age and older should take 1 tablet every half hour to a full hour for acute conditions, not more than 12 times a day. Frequent use beyond one week should be done only after consultation with a therapist experienced in homeopathy. In chronic courses, take 1 tablet 1 – 3 times a day. When the symptoms improve, the frequency of use should be reduced. Children up to 12 months of age should be given one third of the adult dose, after consultation with a physician. Children 1 to under 6 years of age should receive one-half and children 6 to under 12 years of age should receive two-thirds of the adult dose. To do this, dissolve 1 tablet in 6 teaspoons of water at a time. From this solution children up to 12 months: 2 teaspoons, from 1 to under 6 years: 3 teaspoons, from 6 to under 12 years: 4 teaspoons. It is taken half-hourly to hourly (maximum 12 times a day) in acute cases, 1-3 times a day in chronic cases. The rest of the solution should be poured away in each case. How long should you take the medicine? Even homeopathic medicines should not be taken for a long time without medical advice. 4. what are the possible side effects? No side effects are known so far. Note: When taking a homeopathic medicine, existing symptoms may temporarily worsen (initial worsening). In this case, you should stop taking the medicine and consult your doctor. If you observe any side effects, please inform your doctor or pharmacist. 5. How should Aralis Cough Tablets be stored? Store the medicine so that it is not accessible to children. Please do not use the medicine after the expiry date stated on the container and the outer wrapping. Do not store above 25 °C. 6. additional information: COMPOSITION: 1 tablet contains: Active ingredients: Cephaelis ipecacuanha Trit. D 4 31.25 mg Grindelia robusta Trit. D 4 31.25 mg Hyoscyamus niger Trit. D 4 31.25 mg Lobelia inflata Trit. D 4 31.25 mg Other ingredients: Lactose monohydrate, calcium behenate, potato starch. 24 Hour Fedex Office Near Me.




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